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alicia23
sentence structure ?

im really stressed out with my sentence structure in german . i have tones of vocab but i failed my mocks because of my sentence structure , what can i do. its so confusing to me , does anyone have any tips on how to understand it


8 Comments
SunTan
SunTan
Form simple sentences, so called Aussagesaetze, that conform to English word Oder (SPO). Avoid compound sentences! Rather put in a full stop. This keeps word order problems to a minimum.
alicia23
alicia23
thanks sun tan that really helps :-)
SunTan
SunTan
So first step is your German SPO sentence like The man lies in the sun. Der Mann liegt in der Sonne. If you put an adverbial of time, manner place in front, the S and the P change places, so that the word order becomes Adverbial PSO Example: Morgen liegt der Mann in der Sonne. Meistens liegt der Mann in der Sonne. In Spanien liegt der Mann an der Sonne. In English the word order would not change!
SunTan
SunTan
As a second step you should look at the word order with the above sentences (SPO and Adverbial PSO) with "modal verbs', the future tense with "weirden" in the two past tenses Perfect and Preterite in German. Modal dürfen (to be allowed) können (to be able to) mögen (to like) müssen (must, to have to) sollen (should, to be supposed to) wollen (to want) SPO Der Mann liegt in der Sonne. Der Mann will in der Sonne liegen Adverbial PSO Meistens liegt der Mann in der Sonne. Meistens will der Mann in der Sonne liegen. As you see you insert the modal where the verb was and conjugate it and the "real" verb goes to the end in its infinitive form. The future tense with "werden follows exactly the same model! Der Mann wird in der Sonne liegen Meistens wird Der Mann in der Sonne liegen. The two past tenses in Germa! First the easy one, the Preterite, also sometimes called imperfect. The Preterite has the same word order as the present tense, you just use the Preterite form of the verb ( for instance "was" instead of "is"), so if you understood the above you can easily form sentences in the Praeteritum. Example Der Mann liegt in der Sonne. (SPO) Der Mann lag in der Sonne. Meistens liegt der Mann in der Sonne. (Adverbial PSO) Meistens lag Der Mann in der Sonne. Perfect Tense
SunTan
SunTan
Perfect Tense As you know you have either haven or sein + Past Participle The past participle goes to the end (just like the infinitive verb in the modal verb sentences) and haven or sein is conjugated and goes into the position where the verb in the SPO or Adverbial PSO sentences was. Example Der Mann liegt in der Sonne. Der Mann hat in der Sonne gelegen. Meistens liegt der Mann in der Sonne. Meistens hat der Mann in der Sonne gelegen. If you understand the above you have a basic structure using German main clauses correctly and you have the modals, future and past tenses covered! Compound sentences are then the next step, but get the main clauses right first, otherwise you will get confused.
SunTan
SunTan
Sorry for the spelling mistakes, haben of course not haven, werden, not weirden etc.
jojo6440
jojo6440
NAH NAH NAH YEAH YOULL WANT TO SCRAP EVERYTHING THE ONES ABOVE ME WERE SPEWING. the real key here is SPO Rule Shpanking: Sentence, Hallucination, Problem Solving, Alliteration, Narration, KingKong, Inertia. National, Graphic. Pepporoni: PingyPoo, Electricutiin, Pathetic Panorama, Orange, Nigro, Interfricati Obfuscate: Olaf, Benign, Fishing, Umbrella, Suffocate, Cat, Antofasication, Teeth, Elephant Now listen here luv. As long as you translate these words into nihongo and chant them in your ritual circle every 5 minutes, you will be fluent in no time. Your welcome in advance. ToodaLoo
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