NOTE: We're in the process of adding the images back in to all notes pages - please check back soon! Chapter 26: Response in the Flowering Plant Plants have the ability to respond to their environment. Stimulus: anything that causes a response in an organism. Response: activity of an organism or part of an organism…
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This week our Biology teacher Dave, is discussing the key examination topic 'Photosynthesis'.
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Across the planet, humans eat on average between 1 and 2.7 kilograms of food a day, and every last scrap makes its way through the digestive system. Comprised of ten organs covering nine meters, this is one of the most complicated systems in the body. Emma Bryce explains how the different parts of the digestive system work to transform your food into the nutrients and energy that keep you alive.
Lesson by Emma Bryce, animation by Augenblick Studios.
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Now that we've talked about your blood vessels, we're going to zoom in a little closer and talk about your blood itself. We'll start by outlining the basic components of blood -- including erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets, and plasma -- as well as the basic process of hemostasis that stops bleeding, and how antigens are responsible for the blood type that you have. By the end of this episode, you should be totally prepared for your next blood drive.
Table of Contents
The Basic Components of Blood 2:30
Erythrocytes, Leukocytes, Platelets, and Plasma 3:00
The Basic Process of Hemostasis 4:45
How Antigens Are Responsible For Your Blood Type 6:21
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Nitrogen makes up 78% of the air, however neither plants nor animals can take nitrogen directly from the air because nitrogen is so unreactive.
The nitrogen cycles shows the movement of nitrogen through the environment. Nitrogen is continually cycled through the air, soil and living things.
Plants take up nitrogen compounds as nitrates from the soil. Animals then eat these plants, thus getting their nitrogen.
The process of nitrogen in the atmosphere being turned into nitrogen in the soils is called fixing. There are different ways that nitrogen is 'fixed; including nitrogen fixing bacteria in the soil which turns nitrogen from the air into nitrates. Decomposers in the soils break down animal excretion and dead organisms, returning nitrogen back to the soil as ammonia. Lightning can cause chemical reactions in the atmosphere, resulting in nitrogen reacting with oxygen to produce nitrous oxide. Burning fossil fuels also adds nitrous oxide to the atmosphere, resulting in nitric acid, but this is of course not a natural way of nitrogen fixing. Blue-green algae in the ocean also can fix nitrogen. This then provides sources of nitrogen to aquatic animals, and the nitrogen goes around a similar cycle to what happens on land.
The Haber Process makes up approximately 30% of nitrogen fixing.
Denitrifying bacteria in the soil break down nitrates and return nitrogen back to the air. This reduces the fertility of the soil.
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